BRINGING SCIENCE TO TREATMENT

Shoulder injuries

Uncommon injuries: Kim lesions

in Diagnose & Treat, Musculoskeletal injuries, Shoulder injuries, Uncommon injuries

Chris Mallac provides an insight into a particular and rare type of posterior labrum lesion known as the ‘Kim lesion’. Glenoid labrum injuries are common shoulder injuries in athletes and research shows that among these, posterior labral lesions form a significant proportion(1). The posterior labrum is particulary vulnerable in sports such as contact football players (NFL,... MORE

Sternoclavicular joint dysfunction: a rare diagnosis

in Diagnose & Treat, Joint injuries, Shoulder injuries

Trevor Langford reviews the anatomy and biomechanics of the sternoclavicular joint, explains how joint dysfunction presents in athletes and non-athletes, and provides treatment options for a sternoclavicular joint sprain or dislocation. Injuries of the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) and the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) are commonly diagnosed, while injury to the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) is frequently overlooked during... MORE

Pectoralis major tear: a likely combat sports injury

in Acute injuries, Email Newsletters, Musculoskeletal injuries, Shoulder injuries

Participation in combat sports continues to rise in the United States, especially in younger populations. According to an ESPN survey, 5.5 million teens and 3.2 million kids under 13 years-of-age, perform some type of mixed martial arts (MMA)(1). The incidence of injury from participation in MMA is between 22.9 and 28.6 per 100-fight encounters(1). Because more... MORE

Brachial plexus injury Part II: the road to recovery

in Diagnose & Treat, Shoulder injuries

In part two of this series, Chris Mallac outlines the imaging/radiology techniques used when diagnosing brachial plexus injuries, and the typical injury-management protocols. Recapping from part one, brachial plexus injuries (commonly known as‘stingers’ and ‘burners’) typically occur as a result of a fall onto the shoulder (such as falling from a bike or horse), contact... MORE

Shoulder injuries in soccer players

in Diagnose & Treat, Email Newsletters, Shoulder injuries

Admittedly most soccer related injuries are to the lower extremities. However a recent study by researchers at Brown University found that a rising number of soccer related injuries are suffered in the upper extremity(1). The study evaluated a sample of 100 hospital emergency departments from 1999 to 2016 and found that nearly a quarter (20.4%)... MORE

Masterclass: Infraspinatus form and function

in Joint injuries, Masterclass, Overuse injuries, Shoulder injuries

Chris Mallac describes the anatomy and biomechanics of the infraspinatus, outlines some common injury mechanisms, and provides rehab ideas to improve strength and range of motion in this muscle. The infraspinatus (IS), a muscle of the glenohumeral joint, has multiple functions. These include shoulder external rotation, abduction, and stabilization. It works in conjunction with the... MORE

Brachial plexus injuries in the athlete

in Acute injuries, Shoulder injuries

Chris Mallac discusses the pathophysiology of brachial plexus injuries, how they occur in high-risk sports, and the typical signs and symptoms suffered by the athlete. Brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are a reasonably common injury in contact-sport athletes. These are typically referred to as ‘stingers’ and ‘burners’, and represent a transient and reversible peripheral neuropraxia of all... MORE

Subscapularis: the key to shoulder stability

in Musculoskeletal injuries, Overuse injuries, Shoulder injuries

In a previous article, Chris Mallac explored the unique anatomical and biomechanical features of the subscapularis, the common injury patterns associated with this muscle and the important role it has in shoulder stability. In this article, Chris outlines the classical signs and symptoms of subscapularis injury and provides rehabilitation ideas for injured and dysfunctional subscapularis... MORE


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