BRINGING SCIENCE TO TREATMENT

Anatomy

What causes patellofemoral pain?

in Email Newsletters, Improve, Knee injuries, Tools and technology

As Karen Litzy explains in her recent article, pain is a complex phenomenon. For a time, it was considered the fourth vital sign. However, it’s an unreliable symptom. Unlike blood pressure or pulse, pain is subjective. It’s expression and perception differs among genders, cultures, socioeconomic status, race, current emotions, and just about every other aspect... MORE

Intramuscular hamstring tendon injury: prognosis, surgical repair and rehabilitation

in Anatomy, Diagnose & Treat, Leg injuries, Strength

Adam Smith explores the anatomy of intramuscular hamstring tendons, outlines an injury classification system and using a case study, provides treatment and rehab options following surgical repair. Hamstring injuries are the most common muscular injury in athletes with most injuries occurring at the musculotendinous junction(1-3). There is some evidence that injuries that involve the intramuscular... MORE

Sternoclavicular joint dysfunction: a rare diagnosis

in Diagnose & Treat, Joint injuries, Shoulder injuries

Trevor Langford reviews the anatomy and biomechanics of the sternoclavicular joint, explains how joint dysfunction presents in athletes and non-athletes, and provides treatment options for a sternoclavicular joint sprain or dislocation. Injuries of the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) and the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) are commonly diagnosed, while injury to the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) is frequently overlooked during... MORE

Pectoralis major tear: a likely combat sports injury

in Acute injuries, Email Newsletters, Musculoskeletal injuries, Shoulder injuries

Participation in combat sports continues to rise in the United States, especially in younger populations. According to an ESPN survey, 5.5 million teens and 3.2 million kids under 13 years-of-age, perform some type of mixed martial arts (MMA)(1). The incidence of injury from participation in MMA is between 22.9 and 28.6 per 100-fight encounters(1). Because more... MORE

The Flexor Hallucis Longus

in Ankle and foot injuries, Diagnose & Treat, Strength

Chris Mallac looks at the anatomy and biomechanics of the FHL the pathogenesis of possible injury, and provides detailed rehabilitation suggestions. The flexor hallucis longs (FHL) has been referred to as the ‘Achilles of the foot’ due to its unique role controlling mid foot pronation and supination.  Its physiological and mechanical properties allow it to act... MORE


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