BRINGING SCIENCE TO TREATMENT

Leg injuries

Quadriceps strains and contusions: assessment and diagnosis

in Acute injuries, Diagnose & Treat, Leg injuries, Overuse injuries

Andrew Hamilton reviews the clinical presentation and assessment of quadriceps strains, along with a discussion of appropriate imaging used in diagnosis. Strains and contusions of the quadriceps are common in sport and frequently result in lost time from training and competition. Acute strain injuries of the quadriceps occur in sports such as soccer, rugby, and football,... MORE

11 factors that differentiate sciatica from hamstring or other...

in Diagnose & Treat, Hip injuries, Leg injuries, Musculoskeletal injuries

Michael Lancaster discusses potential diagnoses in cases presenting with rear thigh pain, and how to sleuth out the cause. Posterior thigh pain provides a great challenge to sports physiotherapists around the world, with the most common cause being hamstring strains(1). However, there are a number of structures that cause pain both locally or referred. Identification of... MORE

Tibialis posterior tendon: a key player in foot biomechanics

in Leg injuries, Musculoskeletal injuries, Overuse injuries

Trevor Langford looks at the anatomy and biomechanics of the tibias posterior, and outlines suitable examination protocols as well as the treatment and management options for dysfunction The tibialis posterior tendon (TPT) is a major player in the optimal functioning of foot biomechanics, particularly as it provides stability to the medial longitudinal arch (MLA)(1). Dysfunction not only presents... MORE

Lower leg pain in athletes: know the difference

in Acute injuries, Leg injuries, Musculoskeletal injuries, Overuse injuries

Calf pain in athletes is common, but can be tricky to diagnose. Pat Gilham looks at the various conditions responsible, and what the literature says about an effective diagnosis. Calf muscle strain injuries are common across sports involving high-speed running or high volumes of running load, acceleration and deceleration – and also during fatiguing conditions of... MORE

Patellofemoral pain: soleus to the rescue?

in Joint injuries, Knee injuries, Leg injuries

Pat Gilham considers the issue of patellofemoral pain in runners. Can improving soleus capability of play more of a role in treatment? It is well understood that patellofemoral pain (PFP) has a high incidence rate among runners(1). There are many intrinsic factors which are believed to influence PFP in runners, including abnormal anatomical alignment and foot... MORE

Under pressure!

in Email Newsletters, Leg injuries, Overuse injuries

A leg cramp is maddening but repeated leg pain on exertion halts an athlete’s progress and performance. Such is the case with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS), the topic of today’s feature article. Physiotherapist Chris Mallac highlights this frustrating syndrome, including the theories about why it happens in the first place. Although several theories of etiology... MORE

Deep state: getting to the heart of CECS

in Leg injuries, Overuse injuries

Chris Mallac explores chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS), focussing on the deep posterior compartment. What are the signs and symptoms of CECS, and how can clinicians most effectively manage this condition in athletes? Acute chronic exertional compartment syndrome was first described by Dr Edward Wilson when he suffered what sounds like this condition in his... MORE


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