BRINGING SCIENCE TO TREATMENT

Diagnose & Treat

Uncommon injuries: posterior cruciate ligament tears

in Diagnose & Treat, Knee injuries

Posterior cruciate ligament injuries are rare. Thus, many clinicians lack the experience and protocols to manage them. Trevor Langford reviews the anatomy, biomechanics, and mechanism of injury of the PCL and covers the rehabilitation plan for isolated PCL injuries.  Introduction The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the strongest intraarticular ligament of the knee and a... MORE

Sure footing: why the foot is the foundation of...

in Ankle and foot injuries, Diagnose & Treat

The balance of the articular and muscular systems within the foot and ankle complex is crucial for optimal loading to withstand sporting demands. Tracy Ward explains the architecture, biomechanics, and clinical application to build the foundation from the foot up. The foot and ankle complex controls balance and posture and counteracts gravitational forces. The body’s... MORE

Thoracic outlet syndrome in the athlete

in Diagnose & Treat, Shoulder injuries

Injuries to the upper extremity’s nerves and blood vessels, although rare, can occur in the overhead athlete. Chris Mallac explores the different causes of thoracic outlet syndrome and the typical signs and symptoms that usually plague an athlete in this confusing, poorly defined, and difficult-to-diagnose problem. First described over 200 years ago and named as... MORE

Little leaguer’s elbow: a growing concern

in Diagnose & Treat, Elbow and arm injuries

While practice might make perfect, too much preparation can damage growing bones. Chris Mallac explains how pitching mechanics and skeletal immaturity contribute to little leaguer’s elbow. 2019 South Williamsport, PA, pitcher Egan Prather (24) throws a pitch in the third inning against the Caribbean Region during the Little League World Series. Credit: Evan Habeeb-USA TODAY... MORE

The young and reckless: the influence of age on...

in Musculoskeletal injuries, Prevent

Age and maturity may put younger athletes at risk for certain types of injuries. Jason Tee explains how development impacts injury risk and examines how to support young athletes for life-long activity. While increasing age increases overall injury risk in athletes, clinicians may misinterpret that fact and ignore the injury risk in the young(1). Indeed,... MORE

Sesamoid stress fracture: no small issue

in Ankle and foot injuries, Diagnose & Treat

Sesamoid bones are some of the smallest in the body. Yet, they can pose a big problem when injured. Trevor Langford discusses the anatomy, biomechanics, and clinical relevance of a stress fracture of the sesamoid bones and reviews management options. Sports such as running, dancing, and gymnastics often require forceful forefoot dorsiflexion while in a weight-bearing... MORE

Periodization in the rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament injuries

in Joint injuries, Knee injuries, Pre-hab and post-surgical rehab

Knowingly or not, sports physiotherapists use periodization principles when they implement post-operative protocols. Jessica Montgomery explains how capitalizing on periodized training can improve ACL injury outcomes. To successfully return to play, athletes recovering from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries must regain their preinjury level of strength, neuromuscular control, and power. These elements are necessary for... MORE

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